The Fern Clan
PHYSIQUE AND NATURE
In most cases, the Tangkhul people are smart and good looking. Skin colors of the people are light and dark brown, with blue-black eyes and usually have black hair; they are of medium height and are mostly slim. Generally, people are strongly built. The nature of the Tangkhul people is simple, free and loyal, brave and reliable, sincere and generous, friendly and humorous, straight forward and self-reliant, hard working and adventurous V.Elwin, Nagaland, 1961 wrote. They are fine people of whom their country is proud, strong and self reliant with the free and independent outlook characteristics of highlanders everywhere good to look at with an unerring instinct for color and design, friendly and cheerful with a keen sense of humor gifted with splendid dances and a love of song.
DRESS AND ORNAMENTS
Weaving is a part in woman’s life in the Eastern region in general and Tangkhuls in particular. Weaving is closely associated with the self and soul. Despite tedious hours she spends with the back strap loin loom which take time and concentrated she considers it as her prized possession. Dress and ornaments of the Tangkhul Nagas is fantastic and fabulous. The people are artistic and imaginative, different designs and style have been made with bright colours. Usually the Tangkhul shawls are of black and red stripes. The village headman has a distinctively large and costly shawl. Common people too have a special for festivals and special occasions. The Tangkhul Necklace (Kongsang has 10-18) strings of cowries beads and precious stones with different colors and is usually very costly and essential for weddings.The expensive dresses and ornaments are usually worn by rich bride in her wedding. The Tangkhul war dress consist of spear, head gears, bangles, breast plate, armlets, stocking made of bamboo, war tail, horns, shield, bows and arrows and a Dao. Dresses of Tangkhuls are Haora, Leirum, Thanggang, Chonkhom, Khuilang, RaivatKachon, KahangMalao, Phangyai, YangreyKashan, ChonkhomKashan, KahangKashan and others.
WEAPONS AND TOOLS
The weapons of the Tangkhul Nagas are very primitive. They consist of bows, poisoned and non-poisoned arrows, spears, dao, fire arms, sickle, hoe, spade, knife and others.
OCCUPATION AND INDUSTRY
The Tangkhul are basically agriculturists, but they do run small scale industries in the village level. Industry consist of weaving, pottery, black smithy, salt manufactories’, wood and stone works, leather works, carving, wine brewing, basket making and other handicrafts. The Tangkhuls employ three methods of paddy cultivation namely; jhuming, terracing and wet cultivation. Rice is the main food. Other crops and vegetables are chilli, cotton, tobacco, corn, oranges, lemons, plums, brinjals and other fruits .Hunting, fishing, trapping birds are also practiced.